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Thought experiment; Heat an oven to its highest temperature then throw in a frozen chicken, close the door. Five seconds later, open the door and take the chicken out; cooked yet? Now do the same with a microwave oven and then if you could place it on the surface of the moon. Do you really think the chicken will ever cook instantly as these hoax people claim? Carry out the same experiment after placing the chicken inside a spacesuit designed for its shape plus water a cooling system surrounding the lucky dead chicken. Now put it in the three places mentioned but for 2 hours instead. Cooked yet? It won't be.
Further details published in the updated book; 4th October 2018.
Right; The sun overhead will have a greater heating effect than the sun lower down. In the Arctic & Antarctic for instance, the sun never rises more than 23 degrees above the horizon so it's still cold to say the least. The equator is always hot during the middle of the day as the sun is always virtually overhead but not hot at sunrise.
The temperature on the moon is often given as two figures... Maximum 127C to a minimum -173C. And that's it. Some people come to the conclusion that it is either 127C in sunlight and -173C in the shade. This is a total misconception.
Other factors such as incident angle, colour of a surface, time exposed, heat transference rate of various materials etc all need to be taken into account. There is no such thing as 'instant transfer of temperature.' Ask any physicist.
Conspiracy supporters are simply too lazy to learn real science and prefer to guess in their heads. They often come up with one line answers instead of a detailed analysis and inventing their own laws of physics along the way:
This is known as the Incident Angle. The Apollo flights took place when the sun was at a 70 degree-ish angle from the horizon, almost overhead but not quite. The surface most exposed will be those perpendicular-ish to the sun. In the case of an astronaut, this will include the top of the backpack, astronaut's shoulders, helmet etc but not the rest. The side of the backpack will be at best a 20 degree slant to the sun when the astronauts stands upright and his back was to the sun. The temperature difference between the top of the backpack and the side is now fairly large. If the astronaut then turns around, the backpack begins to cool again already. Now we have to take in another factor; Material colour & composition...
The outside material is white. It reflects around 72% of the heat compared to around 8% for the dark lunar surface for the same incident angle. Next; Materials used included 21 separate layers; Teflon cloth, Beta cloth, Iluminised Kapton, Silica Fibre, 5 layers of reflective Mylar, Dacron... and on it goes. All these layers slow the progress of outside heat from reaching the inner walls of the suit and that's not including the water cooling system against the astronaut's body. For the full answer of cooling and warming the astronaut within the suit just refer to the books recommended on the 'Spacesuits' page. Please do not guess and assume such guesses as the final answer. Such people just embarrass themselves for doing so. There is no such thing as instantaneous heating as these idiots claim; regardless whether you are in a vacuum or not.